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Serological fingerprints link antiviral activity of therapeutic antibodies to affinity and concentration

Published on February 10th, 2022

Abstract

assessed the affinities of the therapeutic monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) cilgavimab, tixagevimab, sotrovimab, casirivimab, and imdevimab to the receptor binding domain (RBD) of wild type, Delta, and Omicron spike. The Omicron RBD affinities of cilgavimab, tixagevimab, casirivimab, and imdevimab decreased by at least two orders of magnitude relative to their wild type equivalents, whereas sotrovimab binding was less severely impacted. These affinity reductions correlate with reduced antiviral activities of these antibodies, suggesting that simple affinity measurements can serve as an indicator for activity before challenging and time-consuming virus neutralization assays are performed.

They also compared the properties of these antibodies to serological fingerprints (affinities and concentrations) of wild type RBD specific antibodies in 74 convalescent sera. The affinities of the therapeutic mAbs to wild type and Delta RBD were in the same range as the polyclonal response in the convalescent sera indicative of their high antiviral activities against these variants. However, for Omicron RBD, only sotrovimab retained affinities that were within the range of the polyclonal response, in agreement with its high activity against Omicron. Serological fingerprints thus provide important context to affinities and antiviral activity of mAb drugs and could guide the development of new therapeutics.


InstrumentFluidity One-M
Therapeutic area: Covid-19

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